Keynote Speakers / Plenary Sessions -- ICTE Oslo 1997


Dr. David Nelson USA
U.S. Department of Energy

This keynote will address such questions as: What are Next Generation Internet and Internet2? Who is taking the lead in these initiatives? Will they build new or private networks to replace the current Internet? How will they be different from the current Internet? What new capabilities can we expect to be available for education? How might these capabilities affect education? What about international participation?

The Next Generation Internet (NGI) initiative is a government-based proposal to develop the foundation technology for future advanced networks running 1000 times faster than the current Internet, and making early use of that technology in important national applications running on very advanced testbeds. It includes the U.S. Departments of Energy, Defense, Commerce, Education, Interior, and Health and Human Services; the National Science Foundation, and NASA. It aims at much faster, much smarter, and much more versatile networks than the current Internet, supporting a much richer set of applications than are practical today. For more information see

The Internet2 initiative is a closely related university-based initiative aimed at creating a faster network infrastructure for the university community, and developing advanced network technologies and research and education applications that take advantage of the infrastructure. For more information see

Both initiatives are planning together and expect to share network circuits, interconnections, and research.

Dr. Nelson chaired the government committee that founded the U.S. High Performance Computing and Communications initiative. He currently co-chairs the government committee that is developing the President's Next Generation Internet (NGI) initiative. Dr. Nelson is director of the Office of Computational and Technology Research, with responsibilities for research in computing, networking, mathematics, and industrial technology; high-end computational and networking services; and Educational programs in the computational sciences reaching K-12, undergraduate and graduate levels.


Dr. Robert Glass
Director, Science Office -- Sunsoft
Sun Microsystems Inc.

Beyond the Boundary...the next 20 years

What happens after the World Wide Web matures and much of the world is wired ("Webtone" replaces "dial tone")? As we enter the next millenium, what technology and new ideas will affect education, business and our lives? If we push beyond the current boundary, and imagine the next twenty years, how different will the world be?

The influence of technology on our lives is undergoing the most radical change since the mid-eighteen hundreds. These changes are causing a major upheaval in the direction and structure of information and the demands on people's lives. One of the ways we can cope with the future is to put it in perspective.

Dr. Robert Glass, an internationally known futurist and corporate visionary, has been active in engineering of computer hardware and software for more than 28 years. He joined Sun Microsystems in 1991, and is Director of the Science Office for the Sunsoft division. He is responsible for innovative concepts and strategic direction for the company over the next decade.

"Dr. Bob", as he has become known, is a psychologist by training, and is widely known for his championing of simplicity and elegance in the design of products. From 1991 to 1994, he was the Director of Human Factors Engineering at Sun. That organization of more than 150 people specialized in all aspects of human factors & ergonomics including: human interface issues for software and hardware; usability engineering; advanced development;collaborative computing; information technologies including: publications, editorial and illustration services, design, and on-line information.

Before joining Sun, Dr. Glass was manager of the Macintosh Human Interface Group at Apple Computer. At Apple, he and his group were responsible for the development of the human interface and guidelines for Apple's System 7 (MacOS). He was also involved in a number of human factors and design issues for the PowerBook series of computers.

Prior to Apple, Dr. Glass was manager of human interface at Xerox for three years where he worked on the Viewpoint (STAR) and Open Look interfaces. He also worked as the senior technology staff engineer of advanced technology on Lockheed's Space Station Program. He was also vice president for State of the Art Systems, a secure telecommunications company, and before that Chief of Illumination Engineering (visible radiation) at the National Bureau of Standards for 8 years.

Dr. Glass has served as a member of the Academy of Sciences and is a member of MIT's Design Team of the Future. He was an elected member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's Executive Council and has been active in ergonomics since 1969.

Dr. Glass earned his doctorate at the University of Maryland in 1974.


Dr. P. A. Motsoaledi
Minister of Education, Culture and Sports
Northern Province, Republic of South Africa

Dr. P. A. Motsoaledi obtained his medical degree in 1983 at the University of Natal (Durban, Republic of South Africa) and worked as a private practitioner in the Northern Province. His political activism began during his days as a student and continued until he stood, successfully, for election on an African National Congress ticket in 1994 and was appointed Minister of Education, Arts, Culture and Sports for the Northern Province. In post, he had to face the grotesque legacies of apartheid and its pernicious 'Bantu Education' policies and the passionate expectations of the people newly liberated from them.

The use of information technology has been central to his strategies, both in democratizing and reconstructing the educational management systems on which decisions are made and also in the extensive use of technology for students so that they will leapfrog into the modern world. All this is being undertaken in a Province apparently crippled by poverty and unemployment, with many areas with no electricity, let alone a telephone service.


Dr. Rolf Lenschow
Professor of Structural Engineering
Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim

A pioneer in the field of Project Based Learning in Norway, Dr. Lenschow views learning technology as an enabling tool. Dr. Lenschow's interest focuses primarily on methods and content, as opposed to the technology itself. He has worked closely with the Stanford Learning Lab for a number of years.

Dr. Lenschow has served as President of the University of Trondheim, and as Dean of the Civil Engineering Department. He has served on the faculty of universities and in industry in Denmark, Sweden, and the United States. He received his Ph.D in 1966 from the University of Illinois, and has also received honorary doctorates from the Royal Technical University in Sweden, and from Strathclyde University in the United Kingdom.


Arne Laukholm
Director, Center for Information Technology
University of Oslo, Norway

Fred-Arne Odegaard
Deputy Director-General
Norwegian Royal Ministry of Education, Research and Church Affairs

Hakon Gunderson
The Fornbu Project

Sigmund Lieberg
Director General
Norwegian National Centre for Educational Resources

In a unique and ambitious undertaking, Norway is creating a national plan to extend the use of instructional technology to all learners on all levels throughout the education system in Norway. The recent history of ICT in Norway, and the goals of the next few years, will represent a fascinating model for many nations, states, and provinces as the new plans and policies are implemented in Norway.

Norway started to introduce ICT in the educational system in the early eighties. It is, however, only after recent curriculum reforms in upper secondary education in 1994 and in primary and secondary education in 1997 that ICT has been systematically integrated in the national curriculum for the school system. The challenge is now to extend the use of ICT to all learners on all levels in the Norwegian educational system. For that purpose the government has developed systematic strategies and a national plan for the implementation of the new policies.

In higher and distance education, and in research and development work, Norway has been in the forefront of development in several areas. Norway is now implementing a rapid expansion of higher education in a situation where emphasis is on modernizing higher education by implementing new tools in learning and research, and implementation of parallel strategies of creating synergies between education and industry.

In a special plenary session, four key strategists and architects of the Norwegian IT plan will present key aspects of the Norwegian plan, drawing on rich experiences, evaluations and research combined with key policy and strategic issues.


Alexis Poliakoff
U.S. Department of Education

Alexis Poliakoff has been involved in United States federal education programs and networking for more than 20 years. As a program officer in higher education and network manager he oversaw the installation of a Department-wide network. He servers as a representative to several Inter-Departmental committees on science and technology, K-12 advanced networking, and the Next Generation Internet. Mr. Poliakoff's primary interest has been in fostering the technical choices available to schools.

While computing and communication are commonly available in our office environments, teachers and students (with rare exceptions) have had limited access. In the United States, President Clinton and the U.S. Congress have created and funded programs designed to catalyze state, local, and private efforts to provide all U.S. schools with access to computing and the Internet.

How will ubiquitous computing and communications transform schools over the next ten years? We know something about what will happen from experiments funded by federal government agencies (Education, Energy, National Science Foundation, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration) as well as private corporate programs. Our students are our most avid innovators and explorers. Without a doubt, the changes will be profound.

Alexis Poliakoff will wrap up ICTE Oslo 1997, both pulling the threads of the conference together, and giving ICTE delegates an intriguing glimpse of the next decade of networking, telecommunications, and the Internet in schools.


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